Indian Journal of Physiology
and Pharmacology

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The Official Journal of the Association of Physiologists and Pharmacologists of India


Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Submission of duly filled Agreement form is Mandatory

Guidelines for Authors
(Revised April 2012)

Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (IJPP) welcomes original manuscripts based upon research in physiological, pharmacological and allied sciences from any part of the world.

Types of manuscripts

Original Article and Short-communication

An original article may be published either as a Full-length research paper or as a Short communication. The decision is to publish as full-length articel or as a short-communciation is taken by the editorial board on the recommendation of the reviewers.

Review Article

Although the Editorial Board generally solicits review articles, proposals for review articles are welcome. Such a proposal should include a synopsis of the review article, and a list of publications of the author(s) on the subject of the review article.

Letters to editor

Letters to the Editor should generally address the scientific contents of articles recently published in IJPP.

News and Announcement

These are generally commissioned by the Editorial board, however spontaneous comments and commentary rearding information relating to events in recent past and planned activity that relevant to the readers is welcome. The contributors should submit their proposal/commentary to the Editor. The matter is subjected to quick in-house review. The decision to print is prerogative of the Editorial Board and is constrained by the Charter of APPI.


The obituaries are generally commissioned by the editorial board. The suggestions from readers for people whom we should feature are welcome. These suggestion should be mailed to the Editor ( The decision to print is prerogative of the Editorial Board and is constrained by the Charter of APPI.

Method of Submission

All articles and letters are subjected to editorial processing which includes review of the articles by referees and the Editorial Board. It will facilitate the quality and speed of publication if the manuscript is also submitted in soft copy e-mailed to the official email id of the Editors.

Alternatively, Submit three copies of the manuscript to the Editor for  Physiology/Pharmacology, depending on the subject of the article, or to the Executive Editor, IJPP, Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi – 110 029.

Instruction regarding manuscript preparation

Original Article
Letters to Editor
News and Announcements

Original Article

Title Page

1. Title of the article :
2. Short running title :  (< 40 characters including spaces)
3. Key words (upto 5) :
4. Authors (in order) and name of department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed


Name of author (as it will appear in the print copy)

Department/Institution with address
















5. People to be acknowledged for their contribution apart from authors


Name of author (as it will appear in the print copy)

Department/Institution with address







6. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs or all of these, if any :

Abstract and Key Words

The second page should carry an abstract of not more than 150 words. The abstract should state the purpose of the study or investigation, basic procedures, (study subjects or experimental animals, observational and analytic methods), main findings (give specific data and their statistical significance, if possible), and the principal conclusions. Emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations. Use only approved abbreviations. At the bottom of the abstract, supply a few key words, preferably using terms included in Medical Subject Headings of Index Medicus and MEDLINE.

The text of original scientific papers should be in the following sequence:

Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion.

Only standard terms which have been generally accepted should be used. Proprietary or trade names should begin in capitals and the spellings carefully checked. The chemical and official name must precede the proprietary name of a drug.


Clearly state the purpose of the article. Summarize the rationale for the study or observations. Give only strictly pertinent references, and do not review the subject extensively.


Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or experimental animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the methods, apparatus (manufacturer ’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to repeat the experiments. If the procedures involve an assay, include data on its accuracy, e.g. specificity,  sensitivity and recovery. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods. Provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known. Describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them and evaluate their limitations. When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the committee on human experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or Indian National Science Academy’s or Indian Council of Medical Research's guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dosage(s) and route(s) of administration. Do not use patients’ name, initials, or hospital numbers. Include number of observations and the statistical significance of the finding when appropriate. Detailed statistical analyses, mathematical derivations, and the like may sometimes be suitably presented in the form of one or more appendices.


Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables, illustrations, or both. Emphasize or summarize only important  bservations.


Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data given in the results section. Include in the discussion the implications of the findings and their limitations and relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the conclusion with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by your data. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when waranted, but clearly label them as such.


Acknowledge only persons who have made substantive contributions to the study. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from persons acknowledged by name because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions.


Place the tables at appropriate locations. Do not paste tables are images. Number tables consecutively and supply a brief title for each and footnote for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Explain in footnotes all nonstandard abbreviations that are used in each table. Identify statistical measures of variation such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Cite each table in the text in consecutive order.


Illustrative materials should be used with economy. Images should be placed at appropriate locations in the manuscript. Figures should be professionally drawn and saved as images. freehand drawings are unacceptable. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear and even throughout, and of sufficiently large size so that when reduced for publication, each item will still be legible. Titles and detailed explanations should be given in legends, not on the illustrations themselves. If photographs of persons are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable  or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used for identifying parts of an illustration, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain internal scale and identify method of staining in photomicrographs.

Units of Measurement

Measurement of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (metre, kilogram, litre) or their  decimal multiples or fractions. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be given in millimitres of mercury. Other measurements should be reported in the units in which they were made.

The following abbreviations should be used :

Unit U
Kilogram, gram kg, g
Milligram mg
Picogram pg
hour(s) h
minute(s) min
second, millisecond s, ms
mole, millimole, micromole mol, mmol, μmol
nanomole, picomole nmol, pmol
metre, centimetre, m, cm
millimetre, micrometre mm, μm
litre, millitre L, mL
microlitre μL
microgram μg
millimetre of mecrury mm Hg
milliequivalent mEq
curi ci
angstrom A
calorie cal
degree centigrade C
routes ip, po, im, iv
Statistical Terms
correlation coefficient r
degrees of freedom df
mean x
not significant NS
number of observations n
probability p
standard deviation SD
standard error of the mean SEM
variance ratio F


Number the references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify reference in text, and legends, by arabic numerals (in parentheses). References cited only in tables or in legends should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration.

Referencing style : Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by U.S. National Library of Medicine in Index Medicus. The title of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Try to avoid using asbstracts as references. “Unpublished observations” and verbal personal communications may not be used as references, although references to written communications may be inserted. In manuscripts accepted but not yet published, designate the journal followed by “in press” (in parenthesis). Information from manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted
should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” (in parentheses). The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents.

Examples of correct forms of reference are given below :

Format for Journals :

Authors. Title of the article. Abbreviated name of the journal (kindly see pubmed for correct abbreviations) Year ; Volume : Page numbers (from - to)

Standard journal article (list all authors when six or less; when seven or more, list only first three and add et al.)

Muralidhara DV, Shetty PS. Nutritional status and spontaneous locomotor activity in the rat. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1990; 34:120–124.

Format for Books and Monographs

Authors or Editors. Title of book or chapter. In : Name of editors. Title of the book (in case chapter is referred to). Name of the book, Publisher. Year : Page numbers

Weatherall M. Drugs and excitable cell membrances. In: Robson JM, Stacey RS, eds. Recent advances in pharmacology. London, Churchill 1986: 22–28.

Format for online sources

Author or Organization responsible for generation and posting of the content being cited. Title or header of the webpage. Accessed from www.full address of the webpage, accessed on (mm/dd/yyyy)


The basic format of the short-communication is similar to the original article with constraints regarding the length of the article. The short-communication should be restricted to 1500 words and preferably 1 table and/or figure and not more than 10 references. The focus should be on study design, methods and results. The introduction and disucssion should be succint and to the point.

Letters to Editor

We welcome correspondence on the content published in the Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. The correspondence must reach the editors office with 30 days of publication of the original article/short communication. The correspondence is generally not peer reviewed. The correspondence should not be more than 400 words with maximum of 5 references and 3 authors.

News and Announcements

The news should not be more than 400 words with maixmum of 5 references. The design/structure of the announcement is decided after consultation with the Editorial Board and Office bearers of APPI.


For good publication ethics, see Editorial, Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2002; 46: 131–135. Proofs should be corrected and returned within 48 hours to the Executive Editor, IJPP, Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi – 110 029. Fifty reprints of every article published  in IJPP are prepared as a matter of routine and supplied to the authors at nominal cost (to cover handling and postal expenses). It is regretted that requests for more than 40 reprints cannot be entertained. Papers which have been published become the property of the Journal, and permission to reproduce them in any form must be obtained from the Executive Editor.

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SCImago Journal & Country Rank

note : Cites per Doc. (2y) measures the scientific impact of an average article published in the journal, it is computed using the same formula that is used for calculation of journal impact factor ™ (Thomson Reuters)


Website of APPI

APPI Newsletter April 2016

Life members : Update your address to receive issues of IJPP. The e-copy of IJPP ahead of printing is e-mailed to the members.

Website : Feedback and Suggestion


The, July Issue 2016 (vol 60 - 3) is under Printing..